Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care pain and inflammation warning signs Prevention Outlook Underlying Cause Types

Stress Injuries Home Care

Home care for overuse and stress injuries includes:

  • Avoid activities that cause pain.
  • Apply cold compresses:
    • Wrap ice in a moist hand towel. Do not apply ice directly to the skin.
    • Apply for 20-30 minutes, 4 times a day, for the first few days.
  • Apply warm compresses:
    • Apply for 20-30 minutes, every 4 hours, after 2 days
  • Apply an elastic wrap.
    • Re-wrap the joint every 6 hours.
  • Rest the injury.
    • Use a walker.
    • Use crutches.
    • Use a cane.
    • Wear a sling
  • Follow splint care instructions.
  • Elevate the limb if it is swollen.
    • Above the heart if possible
  • Take prescribed medications as directed.
  • Acetaminophen for pain
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:

For more information:

Stress Injuries Pain and Inflammation

Medications commonly used to control pain and inflammation in adults with overuse and stress injuries include:

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Maximum dose is 4,000 mg per day.
  • Avoid this drug if you have alcoholism, liver disease or an allergy to the drug. See the package instructions.
  • Common brand names include Tylenol, Panadol, and many others.





NSAID Precautions

Stress Injuries Warning Signs

Notify your doctor if you have an overuse and stress injury and any of the following:

Continue to Stress Injuries Prevention

Last Updated: Dec 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Stress Injuries References
  1. Armstrong DW 3rd, Rue JP, Wilckens JH, Frassica FJ. Stress fracture injury in young military men and women. Bone. 2004 Sep;35(3):806-16. [15336620]
  2. Burns J, Keenan AM, Redmond A. Foot type and overuse injury in triathletes. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 May-Jun;95(3):235-41. [15901809]
  3. Hreljac A, Marshall RN, Hume PA. Evaluation of lower extremity overuse injury potential in runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Sep;32(9):1635-41. [10994917]
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