Streptococcal Meningitis Treatment
Bacterial meningitis is a life threatening infection that requires treatment with antibiotics in the hospital. With prompt treatment, most people will recover.
Specific treatment for bacterial meningitis may include:
- Intravenous fluids
- Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis
- Often delivered as a combination of antibiotics until the organism is identified
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
- Cefotaxime (Claforan)
- Penicillin G (Pfizerpen)
- Vancomycin (Vancocin)
- Ampicillin (Omnipen, Polycillin)
- Gentamicin (Garamycin)
- Antitubercular agents:
- Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
- Isoniazid (Laniazid, Nydrazid)
- Pyrazinamide (PZA)
- Ethambutol (Myambutol)
- Corticosteroid medications for meningitis:
- Medications for nausea and vomiting:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- For moderate to severe pain
- For short term use only
Streptococcal Meningitis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of bacterial meningitis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Streptococcal Meningitis Specialist
Continue to Streptococcal Meningitis Warning Signs
- Chavez-Bueno S, McCracken GH Jr. Bacterial meningitis in children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;52(3):795-810, vii. 
- Kaplan SL: Clinical presentations, diagnosis, and prognostic factors of bacterial meningitis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 1999 Sep; 13(3): 579-94, vi-vii. 
- Pfister HW, Feiden W, Einhaupl KM: Spectrum of complications during bacterial meningitis in adults. Results of a prospective clinical study. Arch Neurol 1993 Jun; 50(6): 575-81. 
- Sigurdardottir B, Bjornsson OM, Jonsdottir KE, et al: Acute bacterial meningitis in adults. A 20-year overview. Arch Intern Med 1997 Feb 24; 157(4): 425-30.