St Louis Encephalitis Treatment
There is no effective antiviral medication for the treatment of St. Louis encephalitis. Treatment for St. Louis encephalitis is largely supportive and includes rest and medications to control vomiting. Acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be used for pain and fever control. Treatment with interferon-alpha 2b may decrease the severity of complications.
Treatment for St. Louis encephalitis may include:
- Intravenous fluids
- Medications for nausea:
- Acetaminophen for pain and fever control
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Ibuprin, Nuprin)
- Naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn)
- Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Orudis, Actron)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- Interferon-alpha 2b:
- May decrease the severity of complications associated with St. Louis encephalitis.
St Louis Encephalitis Specialist
Continue to St Louis Encephalitis Home Care
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC). St. Louis encephalitis outbreak--Arkansas, 1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1991 Sep 6;40(35):605-7. 
- Lillibridge KM, Parsons R, Randle Y, et al The 2002 introduction of West Nile virus into Harris County, Texas, an area historically endemic for St. Louis encephalitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Jun;70(6):676-81. 
- Shaman J, Day JF, Stieglitz M, Zebiak S, Cane M. Seasonal forecast of St. Louis encephalitis virus transmission, Florida. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 May;10(5):802-9.