Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Spontaneous Peritonitis Overview

Another name for Spontaneous Peritonitis is Peritonitis.

What is peritonitis?
A person with peritonitis has inflammation of the peritoneum, usually due to a bacterial infection. The peritoneum is a thin layer of tissue that lines the abdominal organs and the inside of the abdominal wall. Common causes of peritonitis include appendicitis, diverticulitis, abdominal injury, and peptic ulcer disease. A perforated bowel allows food or stool to leak into the abdomen. The food or stool can also cause peritonitis.

What are the symptoms of peritonitis?
Symptoms of peritonitis include severe abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, abdominal swelling, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, constipation, and difficulty breathing.

How does the doctor treat peritonitis?
The treatment for peritonitis depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for peritonitis may include intravenous fluids, antibiotics, narcotic pain medications, and surgery.

Continue to Spontaneous Peritonitis Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Spontaneous Peritonitis References
  1. Mowat C, Stanley AJ. Review article: spontaneous bacterial peritonitis--diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Dec;15(12):1851-9. [11736714]
  2. Navez B, Tassetti V, Scohy JJ, Mutter D, Guiot P, Evrard S, Marescaux J. Laparoscopic management of acute peritonitis. Br J Surg. 1998 Jan;85(1):32-6. [9462379]
  3. Troidle L, Gorban-Brennan N, Kliger A, Finkelstein FO. Continuous peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: a review and current concepts. Semin Dial. 2003 Nov-Dec;16(6):428-37. [14629601]
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