Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Spongiform Encephalopathy Overview

Another name for Spongiform Encephalopathy is Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.

What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
A person with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has a rare brain disorder that causes progressive confusion, that progress to coma. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is caused by a type of protein called a prion.

What are the symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
Symptoms and signs of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease include abnormal movements, tremors, difficulty speaking, difficulty swallowing, poor balance, confusion, fatigue, insomnia, mood changes, dementia, and vision changes.

How does the doctor treat Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease?
There is no cure for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Treatment for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may include: anticonvulsants to control seizures, antidepressants, sedatives, and pain medications.

Continue to Spongiform Encephalopathy Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 23, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Spongiform Encephalopathy References
  1. Beghi E, Gandolfo C, Ferrarese C, Rizzuto N, Poli G, Tonini MC, Vita G, Leone M, Logroscino G, Granieri E, Salemi G, Savettieri G, Frattola L, Ru G, Mancardi GL, Messina C. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: facts and uncertainties underlying the causal link between animal and human diseases. Neurol Sci. 2004 Jul;25(3):122-9. [15300459]
  2. Glatzel M, Stoeck K, Seeger H, Luhrs T, Aguzzi A. Human prion diseases: molecular and clinical aspects. Arch Neurol. 2005 Apr;62(4):545-52. [15824251]
  3. Mallucci G, Collinge J. Update on Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Curr Opin Neurol. 2004 Dec;17(6):641-7. [15542971]
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