Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Spine Infection Anatomy

To better understand osteomyelitis, it helps to understand bone anatomy.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton:
    • A total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton:
    • A total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Spine Infection References
  1. Bhavan KP, Kirmani N. Hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis. Mo Med. 2009 Jul-Aug;106(4):277-82. [19753920]
  2. Guglielmo BJ, Luber AD, Paletta D Jr, Jacobs RA. Ceftriaxone therapy for staphylococcal osteomyelitis: a review. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jan;30(1):205-7. [10619757]
  3. Mandracchia VJ, Sanders SM, Jaeger AJ, Nickles WA. Management of osteomyelitis. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2004 Jul;21(3):335-51, vi. [15246142]
  4. Shuford JA, Steckelberg JM. Role of oral antimicrobial therapy in the management of osteomyelitis. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2003 Dec;16(6):515-9. [14624099]
  5. Steer AC, Carapetis JR. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children: recognition and management. Paediatr Drugs. 2004;6(6):333-46. [15612835]
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