Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Sore Throat Overview

What is a sore throat?
A person with a sore throat has inflammation of the throat that results in throat pain. Viral infections are the most common cause of sore throat. Common causes also include strep throat, tonsillitis, and mononucleosis.

What are the symptoms of a sore throat?
Symptoms that may occur with a sore throat include fever, throat redness, pus on the tonsils, difficulty swallowing, swollen glands in the neck, fatigue, and ear pain.

How does the doctor treat a sore throat?
Treatment for a sore throat may include rest, plenty of liquids, throat lozenges, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Treatment with antibiotics may be required for those with a bacterial infection.

Continue to Sore Throat Risk Factors

Last Updated: Oct 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Sore Throat References
  1. Cooper RJ, Hoffman JR, Bartlett JG, Besser RE, Gonzales R, Hickner JM, Sande MA; American Academy of Family Physicians; American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine; Centers for Disease Control. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute pharyngitis in adults: background. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Mar 20;134(6):509-17. [11255530]
  2. Del Mar CB, Glasziou PP, Spinks AB. Antibiotics for sore throat. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(2):CD000023. [15106140]
  3. McIsaac WJ, Goel V, To T, Low DE. The validity of a sore throat score in family practice. CMAJ. 2000 Oct 3;163(7):811-5. [11033707]
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