Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Sodium Elevated Overview

Another name for Sodium Elevated is Hypernatremia.

What is hypernatremia?
A person with hypernatremia has abnormally high levels of sodium in the bloodstream. Hypernatremia is commonly caused by dehydration or a drug side effect.

What are the symptoms of hypernatremia?
Symptoms of hypernatremia include muscle tremors, irritability, confusion, and fatigue.

How does the doctor treat hypernatremia?
Treatment for hypernatremia may include oral fluids or intravenous fluids.

Continue to Sodium Elevated Symptoms

Last Updated: Nov 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Sodium Elevated References
  1. Adeleye O, Faulkner M, Adeola T, ShuTangyie G. Hypernatremia in the elderly. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 Aug;94(8):701-5. [12152926]
  2. Fall PJ. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia. A systematic approach to causes and their correction. Postgrad Med. 2000 May 1;107(5):75-82; quiz 179. [10844943]
  3. Kang SK, Kim W, Oh MS. Pathogenesis and treatment of hypernatremia. Nephron. 2002;92 Suppl 1:14-7. [12401933]
  4. Kugler JP, Hustead T. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia in the elderly. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Jun 15;61(12):3623-30. [10892634]
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