Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Slipped Hip in Child Anatomy

To better understand slipped capital femoral epiphysis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the hip joint.

The hip is a ball and socket joint between the top of the femur (thighbone) and the pelvis. The femoral head is the ball and the acetabulum of the pelvic bone is the socket. The hip joint is lined with cartilage. Cartilage is the smooth, gliding surface inside the joints. Joints are also lubricated with a substance known as synovial fluid.

The hip bursae are fluid-filled areas in the soft tissues around the hip joint where tendons and muscles pass over bony prominences. These fluid-filled sacs serve as a cushion between tendons and bone and lubricate the region with synovial fluid.

Anatomy examples:

  • The hip joint viewed from the front
  • The hip joint with the joint capsule open
  • The hip joint viewed from behind
  • Normal hip x-ray
  • The femur and pelvis

Last Updated: Jul 13, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Slipped Hip in Child References
  1. Jingushi S, Suenaga E. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: etiology and treatment. J Orthop Sci. 2004;9(2):214-9. [15045554]
  2. Kocher MS, Bishop JA, Weed B, Hresko MT, Millis MB, Kim YJ, Kasser JR. Delay in diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Pediatrics. 2004 Apr;113(4):e322-5. [15060261]
  3. Perron AD, Miller MD, Brady WJ. Orthopedic pitfalls in the ED: slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2002 Sep;20(5):484-7. [12216050]
  4. Song KM, Halliday S, Reilly C, Keezel W. Gait abnormalities following slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Mar-Apr;24(2):148-55. [15076598]
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