Skin is Yellow Home Care
Home care for jaundice includes:
- Avoid alcohol.
- Avoid acetaminophen.
- Avoid aspirin.
- Avoid foods that are rich in vitamin A:
- Egg yolks
- Dairy products
- Fish oil
- Take vitamin B supplements.
- Do not take herbs.
- Receive hepatitis A immunization.
- Receive hepatitis B immunization.
- Eat a liver disease diet:
- Low protein diet
- Low fat diet.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Take prescribed medicines as directed.
- Take an oral antihistamine for itching:
Skin is Yellow Abdominal Pain
- Avoid aspirin, spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine, and smoking.
- Avoid enemas and laxatives.
- Try a heating pad or hot water bottle on the abdomen, or a warm bath.
- Drink clear liquids only and avoid dairy products for 24 hours. Then slowly advance to a soft diet before returning to solid foods.
- For vomiting, take small but constant sips of water until vomiting stops.
- Lie down and rest.
- Try an acid-blocker medicine like:
- Try an antacid medication such as:
- Take any prescription medications as directed.
Skin is Yellow Liver Diet
- High carbohydrate intake: bread, pasta and grains
- Moderate to high fat intake. The increased carbohydrate and fat help in preserving the protein in the body and prevent muscle wasting.
- Restrict protein to 1 gram of protein per kilogram (2 pounds) of body weight per day.
- Restrict salt to no more than 2 grams per day.
- Take vitamin B supplements.
Key Dietary Recommendations for Chronic Disease Prevention
|Energy (calories)||to maintain BMI < 25|
|Total fats||< or = to 30% of total daily calories|
|Saturated fats||< 7% of total daily calories|
|Polyunsaturated fats||< 10% of total daily calories|
|Monounsaturated fats||< 13% of total daily calories|
|Cholesterol||< or = to 300 mg per day|
|Dietary fiber||25-30 grams per day|
|Fiber type||3:1 insoluble to soluble fiber|
|Sodium||< or = to 1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 9-24 yrs||1,200-1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 25-50 yrs||1,000 mg per day|
|Calcium 51-65 yrs||1,200 mg per day|
|Calcium >65 yrs||1,500 mg per day|
|Vitamin D 9-50 yrs||200 IU per day|
|Vitamin D 51-70 yrs||400 IU per day|
|Vitamin D >70 yrs||600 IU per day|
|Folic acid||400 micrograms (ug) per day|
|Fruits & vegetables||5-7 servings per day|
Skin is Yellow Vomiting
- Drink clear liquids only:
- Such as water, sports drinks, fruit juice and dilute tea. Sports drinks are best. The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
- Drink small quantities of fluids frequently. In general, two tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes is an effective strategy.
- Avoid milk and dairy products for 3 days.
- Avoid liquids that irritate the stomach, such as citrus juice, alcohol and coffee.
- If nausea or vomiting continues despite the above, consider one of the nonprescription medicines listed below.
- Once vomiting and nausea resolves, start bland foods first. If you tolerate bland food, then you can resume a normal diet.
Nonprescription medications for vomiting include:
Skin is Yellow Warning Signs
Notify your doctor if you have jaundice and any of the following:
- Fever over 102 degrees F (38.8 C)
- Repeated vomiting for more than 6 hours
- Severe abdominal pain
- Worsening abdominal pain
- Worsening jaundice
- Worsening dark urine
- Worsening abdominal swelling
- Easy bleeding
- Blood in the stool:
Continue to Skin is Yellow Underlying Cause
- Ahlfors CE, Wennberg RP. Bilirubin-albumin binding and neonatal jaundice. Semin Perinatol. 2004 Oct;28(5):334-9. 
- Moyer V, Freese DK, Whitington PF, Olson AD, Brewer F, Colletti RB, Heyman MB; North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. Guideline for the evaluation of cholestatic jaundice in infants: recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004 Aug;39(2):115-28. 
- Pitiakoudis M, Mimidis K, Tsaroucha AK, Papadopoulos V, Karayiannakis A, Simopoulos C. Predictive value of risk factors in patients with obstructive jaundice. J Int Med Res. 2004 Nov-Dec;32(6):633-8. 
- Roche SP, Kobos R. Jaundice in the adult patient. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jan 15;69(2):299-304. 
- Szabo P, Wolf M, Bucher HU, Haensse D, Fauchere JC, Arlettaz R. Assessment of jaundice in preterm neonates: comparison between clinical assessment, two transcutaneous bilirubinometers and serum bilirubin values. Acta Paediatr. 2004 Nov;93(11):1491-5.