Skin Bruise Evaluation
The evaluation of a contusion begins with a medical history and physical examination.
Physical findings in someone with a contusion may include:
- Localized swelling
- Tenderness of the skin
- No tenderness of the bone or other deep structures
- Normal nerve and muscle function
Tests are not necessary to evaluate minor contusions. X-rays may be used to look for fractured bones.
Tests that may be used to evaluate a severe bruise to the chest or abdomen include:
Continue to Skin Bruise Treatment
- Beiner JM, Jokl P. Muscle contusion injuries: current treatment options. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2001 Jul-Aug;9(4):227-37. 
- Berg E. Deep muscle contusion complicated by myositis ossificans (a.k.a. heterotopic bone). Orthop Nurs. 2000 Nov-Dec;19(6):66-7. 
- Centeno CJ, Freeman M, Elkins WL. A review of the literature refuting the concept of minor impact soft tissue injury. Pain Res Manag. 2005 Summer;10(2):71-4. 
- Guzman J, Yassi A, Cooper JE, Khokhar J. Return to work after occupational injury. Family physicians' perspectives on soft-tissue injuries. Can Fam Physician. 2002 Dec;48:1912-9. 
- Tull F, Borrelli J Jr. Soft-tissue injury associated with closed fractures: evaluation and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003 Nov-Dec;11(6):431-8.