Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Sjogren's Syndrome Overview

What is Sjogren's syndrome?
A person with Sjogren's syndrome has dryness of the mouth, eyes, and other tissues in the body. Sjogren's syndrome is caused by an abnormal immune system, which normally fights infections. For some reason, the immune system attacks normal tissues in the body, resulting in breakdown of the tissue. The cause of the abnormal immune system in Sjogren's syndrome is unknown. Sjogren's syndrome may occur with other immune system disorders, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome?
Symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome include eye dryness, eye pain, eye redness, dry mouth, mouth ulcers, dry nose, dry throat, dry skin, vaginal dryness, joint pains, joint swelling, and parotid gland swelling.

How does the doctor treat Sjogren's syndrome?
Treatment for Sjogren's syndrome may include eye drops, medications that stimulate the body to produce saliva, and strong anti-inflammatory medications.

Continue to Sjogren's Syndrome Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Sjogren's Syndrome References
  1. Bolstad AI, Jonsson R. Genetic aspects of Sjogren's syndrome. Arthritis Res. 2002;4(6):353-9. [12453311]
  2. Fox RI. Sjogren's syndrome. Lancet. 2005 Jul 23-29;366(9482):321-31. [16039337]
  3. Mignogna MD, Fedele S, Russo LL, Lo Muzio L, Wolff A. Sjogren's syndrome: the diagnostic potential of early oral manifestations preceding hyposalivation/xerostomia. J Oral Pathol Med. 2005 Jan;34(1):1-6. [15610399]
  4. Ramos-Casals M, Tzioufas AG, Font J. Primary Sjogren's syndrome: new clinical and therapeutic concepts. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Mar;64(3):347-54. [15498797]
  5. Venables PJ. Sjogren's syndrome. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2004 Jun;18(3):313-29. [15158743]
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