Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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SI Joint Injury Overview

What is a SI joint injury?
A person with a SI joint injury has damaged the sacroiliac joint, which unites the sacrum to the pelvis. Common causes of SI joint injury include falls, contact sports, and automobile accidents. SI joint injury may occur with a sacrum fracture or a pelvic fracture.

What are the symptoms of a SI joint injury?
The most common symptom of SI joint injury includes low back pain, located in the sacrum or pelvis. Additional symptoms of a SI joint injury include swelling or tenderness over the sacrum.

How does the doctor treat a SI joint injury?
Treatment for a SI joint injury may include rest, cold compresses, physical therapy, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Additional treatment may include injections of corticosteroid medications into the SI joint.

Continue to SI Joint Injury Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed SI Joint Injury References
  1. Borrelli J Jr, Koval KJ, Helfet DL. Operative stabilization of fracture dislocations of the sacroiliac joint. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996 Aug;(329):141-6. [8769445]
  2. Major NM, Helms CA. Pelvic stress injuries: the relationship between osteitis pubis (symphysis pubis stress injury) and sacroiliac abnormalities in athletes. Skeletal Radiol. 1997 Dec;26(12):711-7. [9453104]
  3. Stevens KJ, Preston BJ, Hahn DM.Bilateral fracture dislocation of the sacroiliac joint. Skeletal Radiol. 1997 Sep;26(9):556-8. [9342818]
  4. Wright V, Zelle BA, Prayson M. Bilateral sacroiliac joint dislocation without associated fracture or anterior pelvic ring injuries. J Orthop Trauma. 2004 Oct;18(9):634-7. [15448454]
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