Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care cough warning signs wheezing Underlying Cause less serious potentially serious serious Anatomy

Shortness of Breath in Children Cough

Home treatment of a cough in children includes:

  • Avoid respiratory irritants, such as pollution, pollen, mold, dust and chemical fumes
  • Change A/C and furnace filters regularly.
  • Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
  • Drink warm liquids to relieve coughing spasms.
  • Use throat lozenges, but do not use them in children under 5 years of age.
  • Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.

Cough medicines:

Dosing Dextromethorphan
Childs WeightDextromethorphan Dose
22 lb (10 kg)5 mg every 8 hrs
33 lb (15 kg)7.5 mg every 8 hrs
44 lb (20 kg)10 mg every 8 hrs
55 lb (25 kg)12.5 mg every 8 hrs
66 lb (30 kg)15 mg every 8 hrs
88 lb (40 kg)20 mg every 8 hrs
110 lb (50 kg)25 mg every 8 hrs
132 lb-adult (60 kg)30 mg every 8 hrs

Cough medication precautions:

Continue to Shortness of Breath in Children Warning Signs

Last Updated: Oct 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Shortness of Breath in Children References
  1. Brown SG. Clinical features and severity grading of anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Aug;114(2):371-6. [15316518]
  2. Fauroux B, Epaud R, Clement A. Clinical presentation of interstitial lung disease in children. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2004 Jun;5(2):98-100. [15135118]
  3. Lea E, Nawaf H, Yoav T, Elvin S, Ze'ev Z, Amir K. Diagnostic evaluation of foreign body aspiration in children: a prospective study. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jul;40(7):1122-7. [16034756]
  4. Yoos HL, Kitzman H, McMullen A, Sidora-Arcoleo K, Anson E. The language of breathlessness: do families and health care providers speak the same language when describing asthma symptoms? J Pediatr Health Care. 2005 Jul-Aug;19(4):197-205. [1601025]
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