The evaluation of a person with shock requires a history and physical exam.
Physical findings in someone with shock may include:
- Excessive sweating
- Low blood pressure
- Pale skin
- Rapid breathing rate
- Rapid pulse
Tests are usually necessary to evaluate shock.
Tests that may be used to evaluate shock include:
- Arterial blood gas analysis
- Blood cultures
- Chest x-ray
- Complete blood count
- Electrolyte profile
- Kidney profile
- Liver profile
- Urinalysis and urine culture
Invasive hemodynamic monitoring devices may also help physicians evaluate shock.
Invasive hemodynamic monitoring devices:
- Swan-Ganz catheter
Continue to Shock Treatment
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- Magder S, Cernacek P. Role of endothelins in septic, cardiogenic, and hemorrhagic shock. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2003 Jun;81(6):635-43. 
- Wilson M, Davis DP, Coimbra R. Diagnosis and monitoring of hemorrhagic shock during the initial resuscitation of multiple trauma patients: a review. J Emerg Med. 2003 May;24(4):413-22.