Septic Thrombophlebitis Underlying Cause
Septic thrombophlebitis is caused by a bacterial infection. The bacteria may be introduced into the vein when an intravenous catheter is placed in the vein.
Additional causes of septic thrombophlebitis include:
- Baker CC, Petersen SR, Sheldon GF. Septic phlebitis: a neglected disease. Am J Surg. 1979 Jul;138(1):97-103. 
- Cohen MB, Pernoll ML, Gevirtz CM, Kerstein MD. Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis: an update. Obstet Gynecol. 1983 Jul;62(1):83-9. 
- Cook RJ, Ashton RW, Aughenbaugh GL, Ryu JH. Septic pulmonary embolism: presenting features and clinical course of 14 patients. Chest. 2005 Jul;128(1):162-6. 
- DiNubile MJ, Boom WH, Southwick FS. Septic cortical thrombophlebitis. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jun;161(6):1216-20.