Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Septal Defect Ventricular Treatment

In infants, about 50% of small ventricular septal defects close without treatment, as the hole in the septum gradually closes over time. However, surgery may be required to close large ventricular septal defects.

Treatment for a ventricular septal defect may include:

  • Surgery for ventricular septal defect:
    • The opening in the ventricular septum is closed

Those who have had surgery for a ventricular septal defect may require antibiotics to prevent bacterial endocarditis before they undergo the following procedures:

Antibiotics used to prevent bacterial endocarditis include:

Septal Defect Ventricular Drugs

Medications used to treat ventricular septal defect may include:

Septal Defect Ventricular Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of ventricular septal defect.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
    • Is surgery an option for me?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • Do I need to stay in the hospital?
    • How long will I be in the hospital?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Do I need to change my diet?
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • When can I resume my normal activities?
  • When can I return to work?
  • Do I need a special exercise program?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Septal Defect Ventricular Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a ventricular septal defect:

Continue to Septal Defect Ventricular Home Care

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Septal Defect Ventricular References
  1. Arora R, Trehan V, Thakur AK, Mehta V, Sengupta PP, Nigam M. Transcatheter closure of congenital muscular ventricular septal defect. J Interv Cardiol. 2004 Apr;17(2):109-15. [15104774]
  2. Demirag MK, Keceligil HT, Kolbakir F. Primary surgical repair of ventricular septal defect. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2003 Sep;11(3):213-6. [14514550]
  3. Lofland GK. Pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and multiple aorta pulmonary collateral arteries. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2004;7:85-94. [15283357]
  4. Mukharji J, Sullivan L. Ventricular septal defect in the 9th decade. Mo Med. 2001 Sep;98(9):468-9. [11573315]
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