Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Warning Signs Prevention Outlook Underlying Cause

Sepsis Underlying Cause

Sepsis is caused by an overwhelming bacterial infection. In someone with a poorly functioning immune system, sepsis may be caused by fungi (Candida).

Bacteria that commonly cause sepsis include:

  • Acinetobacter species
  • Clostridium difficile
  • E. coli
  • Enterobacter species
  • Enterococcus species
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Klebsiella species
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Neisseria meningitidis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Serratia species
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Streptococcus species

Infections that can worsen and lead to sepsis include:

Last Updated: Feb 9, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Sepsis References
  1. Das UN. Critical advances in septicemia and septic shock. Crit Care. 2000;4(5):290-6. [11094508]
  2. Foley RN, Guo H, Snyder JJ, Gilbertson DT, Collins AJ. Septicemia in the United States dialysis population, 1991 to 1999. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004 Apr;15(4):1038-45. [15034107]
  3. Singh SA, Dutta S, Narang A. Predictive clinical scores for diagnosis of late onset neonatal septicemia. J Trop Pediatr. 2003 Aug;49(4):235-9. [12929886]
  4. Venditti M, Serra P. Overview of septicemia. J Chemother. 1991 Jan;3 Suppl 1:7-14. [12041791]
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