The treatment of testicular cancer depends on the type of cancer, and whether or not the cancer has spread to other organs. Treatment for testicular cancer often includes some combination of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.
Chemotherapy uses medications that either kill cancer cells directly, or interfere with their metabolism. Chemotherapy is administered in cases where the cancer has spread beyond the testicle. It is usually administered following surgery to make sure all the cancer cells have been destroyed.
Radiation therapy uses x-rays to directly kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy delivers a focused beam of radiation to the cancer so that any damage to surrounding tissue is minimized. Testicular cancers are very sensitive to radiation therapy and most of the time the treatment cycle is only 2 weeks.
Treatment options for testicular cancer include:
- Radiation therapy for testicular cancer:
- Exposing cancer cells to radiation can kill them.
- Chemotherapy for testicular cancer:
- The administration of medicines that kill cancer cells.
- Surgery for testicular cancer
- Removal of testicle that contains cancer
- In some cases, lymph nodes in the area may also need to be removed.
- Medications for nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy:
Seminoma Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of testicular cancer.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk of complications?
- Is my son at risk for this condition?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Surgery for testicular cancer includes:
- Radical orchiectomy:
- Removal of the testicle
Surgery for testicular cancer may also involve:
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- Garner MJ, Turner MC, Ghadirian P, Krewski D. Epidemiology of testicular cancer: an overview. Int J Cancer. 2005 Sep 1;116(3):331-9. 
- Masters JR, Koberle B. Curing metastatic cancer: lessons from testicular germ-cell tumours. Nat Rev Cancer. 2003 Jul;3(7):517-25. 
- Shabbir M, Morgan RJ. Testicular cancer. J R Soc Health. 2004 Sep;124(5):217-8. 
- Wirehn AB, Tornberg S, Carstensen J. Serum cholesterol and testicular cancer incidence in 45,000 men followed for 25 years. Br J Cancer. 2005 May 9;92(9):1785-6.