Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment Home Care decongestants pain control warning signs Prevention Underlying Cause Types ascent injury pneumothorax reverse squeeze descent injury
Scuba Injuries Pneumothorax
- Gas expands in the lungs as the surrounding pressure decreases during ascent.
- The lung becomes over-inflated.
- The small air sacs in the lung rupture.
When air escapes outside the lungs, the air collects in the space between the outside of the lung and the inside the chest cavity.
Continue to Scuba Injuries Reverse Squeeze
PubMed Scuba Injuries References
- Arness MK. Scuba decompression illness and diving fatalities in an overseas military community. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1997 Apr;68(4):325-33. 
- Freiberger JJ, Lyman SJ, Denoble PJ, Pieper CF, Vann RD.Consensus factors used by experts in the diagnosis of decompression illness. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2004 Dec;75(12):1023-8. 
- Germonpre P. Patent foramen ovale and diving. Cardiol Clin. 2005 Feb;23(1):97-104. 
- Hunt JC. Diving the wreck: risk and injury in sport scuba diving. Psychoanal Q. 1996 Jul;65(3):591-622. 
- Moon RE, de Lisle Dear G, Stolp BW. Treatment of decompression illness and latrogenic gas embolism. Respir Care Clin N Am. 1999 Mar;5(1):93-135. 
- Smerz RW. Age associated risks of recreational scuba diving. Hawaii Med J. 2006 May;65(5):140-1, 153. 
- Tetzlaff K, Shank ES, Muth CM. Evaluation and management of decompression illness--an intensivist's perspective. Intensive Care Med. 2003 Dec;29(12):2128-36. 
- Tetzlaff K, Thorsen E.Breathing at depth: physiologic and clinical aspects of diving while breathing compressed gas. Clin Chest Med. 2005 Sep;26(3):355-80, v.