Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment Home Care decongestants pain control warning signs Prevention Underlying Cause Types ascent injury pneumothorax reverse squeeze descent injury

Scuba Injuries Evaluation

Evaluation of someone with a scuba injury is based on a history and physical examination.

Physical findings depend on the type of injury.

Physical findings in someone with a scuba injury may include:

Tests may be necessary to evaluate scuba injuries.

Tests that may be used to evaluate a scuba injury include:

For more information:

Continue to Scuba Injuries Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 5, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Scuba Injuries References
  1. Arness MK. Scuba decompression illness and diving fatalities in an overseas military community. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1997 Apr;68(4):325-33. [9096830]
  2. Freiberger JJ, Lyman SJ, Denoble PJ, Pieper CF, Vann RD.Consensus factors used by experts in the diagnosis of decompression illness. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2004 Dec;75(12):1023-8. [15619855]
  3. Germonpre P. Patent foramen ovale and diving. Cardiol Clin. 2005 Feb;23(1):97-104. [15676273]
  4. Hunt JC. Diving the wreck: risk and injury in sport scuba diving. Psychoanal Q. 1996 Jul;65(3):591-622. [8856825]
  5. Moon RE, de Lisle Dear G, Stolp BW. Treatment of decompression illness and latrogenic gas embolism. Respir Care Clin N Am. 1999 Mar;5(1):93-135. [10205814]
  6. Smerz RW. Age associated risks of recreational scuba diving. Hawaii Med J. 2006 May;65(5):140-1, 153. [16774142]
  7. Tetzlaff K, Shank ES, Muth CM. Evaluation and management of decompression illness--an intensivist's perspective. Intensive Care Med. 2003 Dec;29(12):2128-36. [14600806]
  8. Tetzlaff K, Thorsen E.Breathing at depth: physiologic and clinical aspects of diving while breathing compressed gas. Clin Chest Med. 2005 Sep;26(3):355-80, v. [16140132]
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