Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care warning signs Prevention Complications Underlying Cause Transmission
Schistosomiasis Underlying Cause
- The young parasite lives in fresh water snails.
- The parasite enters the skin of an animal or human.
- The young adults are transported through the bloodstream to the heart and lungs.
- The parasite matures to become an adult worm in the bloodstream.
- The adult female produces eggs, which are released in the urine and stool.
- The eggs enter a snail, and the life cycle starts over again.
Symptoms of schistosomiasis are caused by the eggs.
The five types of Schistosoma parasites that infect humans include:
- Schistosoma hematobium
- Schistosoma intercalatum
- Schistosoma japonicum
- Schistosoma mansoni
- Schistosoma mekongi
Continue to Schistosomiasis Transmission
PubMed Schistosomiasis References
- Bichler KH, Feil G, Zumbragel A, Eipper E, Dyballa S. Schistosomiasis: a critical review. Curr Opin Urol. 2001 Jan;11(1):97-101. 
- Davis-Reed L, Theis JH. Cutaneous schistosomiasis: report of a case and review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000 Apr;42(4):678-80. 
- Magnussen P. Treatment and re-treatment strategies for schistosomiasis control in different epidemiological settings: a review of 10 years' experiences. Acta Trop. 2003 May;86(2-3):243-54.