Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care pain and fever adults pain and fever children warning signs Prevention Complications Underlying Cause Transmission

Saint Louis Encephalitis Prevention

Prevention of St. Louis encephalitis includes:

  • Wear long sleeve shirts and pants, and a hat.
    • Wear insect repellent clothing.
  • Avoid wooded areas where insect live.
  • Consider staying indoors at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening.
  • Install window and door screens so that mosquitoes cannot get indoors.
  • Remove standing water:
    • Empty water from flowerpots, pet bowls, clogged rain gutters, swimming pool covers, etc.
  • Use insect repellents on clothing and exposed skin.
    • Insect repellents that contain DEET
    • Insect repellents that contain permethrin
  • Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth.
  • Avoid applying repellent to the hands of children.

Continue to Saint Louis Encephalitis Complications

Last Updated: Jan 5, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Saint Louis Encephalitis References
  1. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). St. Louis encephalitis outbreak--Arkansas, 1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1991 Sep 6;40(35):605-7. [1881382]
  2. Lillibridge KM, Parsons R, Randle Y, et al The 2002 introduction of West Nile virus into Harris County, Texas, an area historically endemic for St. Louis encephalitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Jun;70(6):676-81. [15211013]
  3. Shaman J, Day JF, Stieglitz M, Zebiak S, Cane M. Seasonal forecast of St. Louis encephalitis virus transmission, Florida. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 May;10(5):802-9. [15200812]
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