Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care pain and fever adults pain and fever children warning signs Prevention Complications Underlying Cause Transmission

Saint Louis Encephalitis Home Care

Home care for St. Louis encephalitis includes:

Saint Louis Encephalitis Pain and Fever Adults

Medications commonly used to control pain and fever in adults St Louis encephalitis include:

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Maximum dose is 4,000 mg per day.
  • Avoid this drug if you have alcoholism, liver disease or an allergy to the drug. See the package instructions.
  • Common brand names include Tylenol, Panadol, and many others.





NSAID Precautions

Saint Louis Encephalitis Pain and Fever Children

Common medications used at home for pain and fever in children with St Louis encephalitis include:

Aspirin and most of the other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are not used in children except under a doctor's care.

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Dosing is 10-15 mg per kilogram (5-7 mg per pound) of body weight every 4-6 hours, up to the adult dose.
  • Do not exceed the maximum daily dose.
  • Acetaminophen products come in various strengths. Always follow the package instructions.
  • Avoid this drug in children with liver disease or an allergy to acetaminophen.
  • Common acetaminophen products include Tylenol, Panadol and many others.



Saint Louis Encephalitis Warning Signs

Notify your doctor if you have symptoms of St. Louis encephalitis and develop:

Continue to Saint Louis Encephalitis Prevention

Last Updated: Jan 5, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Saint Louis Encephalitis References
  1. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). St. Louis encephalitis outbreak--Arkansas, 1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1991 Sep 6;40(35):605-7. [1881382]
  2. Lillibridge KM, Parsons R, Randle Y, et al The 2002 introduction of West Nile virus into Harris County, Texas, an area historically endemic for St. Louis encephalitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Jun;70(6):676-81. [15211013]
  3. Shaman J, Day JF, Stieglitz M, Zebiak S, Cane M. Seasonal forecast of St. Louis encephalitis virus transmission, Florida. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 May;10(5):802-9. [15200812]
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