Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Sacrum Injury Overview

Another name for Sacrum Injury is Sacrococcygeal Injury.

What is a sacrococcygeal injury?
A person with sacrococcygeal injury has a sprain, bruise, or fracture of the sacrum or coccyx. The sacrum is the part of the backbone that connects to the pelvis. The coccyx is the tailbone, which is connected to the bottom of the sacrum. The most common type of sacrococcygeal injury is a bruise. The most common causes of sacrococcygeal injury include falls and sports injuries.

What are the symptoms of a sacrococcygeal injury?
Symptoms of sacrococcygeal injury include back pain or buttock pain. Additional symptoms may include bruising, swelling, or tenderness above the buttocks.

How does the doctor treat a sacrococcygeal injury?
Treatment for sacrococcygeal injury may include rest, a donut pillow, narcotic pain medications, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Surgery may be required for severe sacrococcygeal injuries.

Continue to Sacrum Injury Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Sacrum Injury References
  1. Papadopoulos EC, Khan SN. Piriformis syndrome and low back pain: a new classification and review of the literature. Orthop Clin North Am. 2004 Jan;35(1):65-71. [15062719]
  2. Rugulies R, Krause N. Job strain, iso-strain, and the incidence of low back and neck injuries. A 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jul;61(1):27-39. [1584795]
  3. Tveito TH, Hysing M, Eriksen HR. Low back pain interventions at the workplace: a systematic literature review. Occup Med (Lond). 2004 Jan;54(1):3-13. [14963248]
  4. van der Roer N, Goossens ME, Evers SM, van Tulder MW. What is the most cost-effective treatment for patients with low back pain? A systematic review. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2005 Aug;19(4):671-84. [15949783]
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