Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Ruptured Hamstring Overview

Another name for Ruptured Hamstring is Hamstring Rupture.

What is a hamstring rupture?
The hamstring consists of three large muscles in the back of the thigh. A person with a hamstring rupture has torn one or more of the muscles that make up the hamstring. A hamstring rupture is caused by a force that overloads the muscles in the back of the thigh: the muscle fibers tear, which results in swelling and pain. Most hamstring ruptures are caused by sports that require sprinting or jumping.

What are the symptoms of a hamstring rupture?
Symptoms of a hamstring rupture include sudden, severe pain in the back of the thigh. Other symptoms include leg swelling, bruising and a knot or bulge in the thigh muscle, and inability to move the knee or stand.

How does the doctor treat a hamstring rupture?
Treatment for a hamstring rupture may include rest, cold compresses, elevation, crutches, and an elastic wrap. Other treatment measures include physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain, and surgery.

Continue to Ruptured Hamstring Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Ruptured Hamstring References
  1. Brockett CL, Morgan DL, Proske U. Predicting hamstring strain injury in elite athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Mar;36(3):379-87. [15076778]
  2. Cohen S, Bradley J. Acute proximal hamstring rupture. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007 Jun;15(6):350-5. [17548884]
  3. Koulouris G, Connell D. Evaluation of the hamstring muscle complex following acute injury. Skeletal Radiol. 2003 Oct;32(10):582-9. [12942206]
  4. Verrall GM, Slavotinek JP, Barnes PG, Fon GT. Diagnostic and prognostic value of clinical findings in 83 athletes with posterior thigh injury: comparison of clinical findings with magnetic resonance imaging documentation of hamstring muscle strain. Am J Sports Med. 2003 Nov-Dec;31(6):969-73. [14623665]
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