Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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RSV Infection Overview

Another name for RSV Infection is Bronchiolitis.

What is bronchiolitis?
A child with bronchiolitis has inflammation of the small air passageways in the lungs, caused by a viral infection. The respiratory syncytial virus is the most common cause for bronchiolitis. Bronchiolitis is most common in children who are less than 6 months of age.

What are the symptoms of bronchiolitis?
Bronchiolitis is common in infants, causing cough, breathing difficulty, rapid breathing, wheezing, and increased mucus production.

How does the doctor treat bronchiolitis?
Treatment for bronchiolitis may include oxygen therapy, oral corticosteroids, and bronchodilator medications. Some may benefit from the administration of antiviral medications.

Continue to RSV Infection Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed RSV Infection References
  1. Domachowske JB, Rosenberg HF. Advances in the treatment and prevention of severe viral bronchiolitis. Pediatr Ann. 2005 Jan;34(1):35-41. [15693214]
  2. Flores G, Horwitz RI: Efficacy of beta2-agonists in bronchiolitis: a reappraisal and meta-analysis. Pediatrics 1997 Aug; 100(2 Pt 1): 233-9. [9240805]
  3. Kellner JD, Ohlsson A, Gadomski AM, Wang EE: Efficacy of bronchodilator therapy in bronchiolitis. A meta-analysis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1996 Nov; 150(11): 1166-72. [8904857]
  4. Lozano JM. Bronchiolitis. Clin Evid. 2004 Dec;(12):370-84. [15865644]
  5. Shay DK, Holman RC, Newman RD, et al: Bronchiolitis-associated hospitalizations among US children, 1980-1996. JAMA 1999 Oct 20; 282(15): 1440-6. [10535434]
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