Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care fever in adults fever in children warning signs Prevention mosquito bites Outlook Underlying Cause Transmission

Rift Valley Fever Prevention

Prevention of Rift Valley fever includes:

  • Avoid areas where Rift Valley fever occurs.
  • Avoid mosquito bites:
    • Wear insect repellent clothing.
    • Use insect repellents that contain DEET.
    • Stay indoors at dusk.
    • Wear long sleeve shirts and pants, and a hat.
    • Check your skin and clothing for mosquitos after being outdoors.

Rift Valley Fever Mosquito Bites

Preventing Rift valley fever starts with preventing mosquito bites.

Guidelines to Prevent Mosquito Bites

  • Apply insect repellent to exposed skin.
  • Wear insect repellent clothing.
  • Apply DEET repellants to clothing.
  • Consider staying indoors at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening.
  • Install or repair window and door screens so that mosquitoes cannot get indoors.
  • Place mosquito netting over infant carriers when you are outdoors with infants.
  • Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth, so avoid applying repellent to the hands of children.
  • Remove standing water: empty water from flowerpots, pet bowls, clogged rain gutters, swimming pool covers, etc.
  • When possible, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outdoors.

Continue to Rift Valley Fever Outlook

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Rift Valley Fever References
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Rift Valley Fever--East Africa, 1997-1998. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1998 Apr 10;47(13):261-4. [9565487]
  2. Gerdes GH. Rift Valley fever. Rev Sci Tech. 2004 Aug;23(2):613-23. [15702723]
  3. Nabeth P, Kane Y, Abdalahi MO, Diallo M, Ndiaye K, Ba K, Schneegans F, Sall AA, Mathiot C. Rift Valley fever outbreak, Mauritania, 1998: seroepidemiologic, virologic, entomologic, and zoologic investigations. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Nov-Dec;7(6):1052-4. [11747742]
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