Rheumatic Heart Disease Underlying Cause
Rheumatic heart disease is caused by an infection with Streptococcal bacteria, which are responsible for strep throat infections. For some reason, after the Streptococcal infection, the immune system mistakenly attacks normal tissue. Inflammation occurs in multiple areas of the body, including the joints, heart, skin, and central nervous system.
Damage to the heart may lead to mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, cardiac arrhythmias, pericarditis, myocarditis, or congestive heart failure. A similar process can occur in the kidneys, which may lead to kidney disease or kidney failure.
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