Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Retinitis Cytomegalovirus Evaluation

Evaluation of cytomegalovirus retinitis begins with a history and physical examination. This includes vision testing, examining the retina with an ophthalmoscope, and a slit lamp exam.

Physical findings in someone with cytomegalovirus retinitis may include:

Tests are usually not necessary to make the diagnosis of cytomegalovirus retinitis, but tests may be used to determine the severity of the infection.

Tests that may be used to evaluate cytomegalovirus retinitis include:
  • Fluorescein angiogram of the retina:
    • A dye test used to detect abnormal blood vessels in the retina
  • CT scan of the orbits
  • MRI scan of the brain and orbits

Continue to Retinitis Cytomegalovirus Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Retinitis Cytomegalovirus References
  1. Crum NF, Blade KA. Cytomegalovirus retinitis after immune reconstitution. AIDS Read. 2005 Apr;15(4):186-8. [1584423]
  2. Goldberg DE, Wang H, Azen SP, Freeman WR. Long term visual outcome of patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2003 Jul;87(7):853-5. [12812884]
  3. Griffiths PD, Walter S. Cytomegalovirus. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2005 Jun;18(3):241-5. [15864102]
  4. Rahhal FM. Treatment advances for CMV retinitis. AIDS Read. 1999 Jan-Feb;9(1):28, 31-4. [12728880]
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