Retinal Cancer Evaluation
Evaluation of retinoblastoma begins with a history and physical examination.
The eye exam includes vision testing, examining the retina with an ophthalmoscope, and a slit lamp exam.
Physical findings in someone with retinoblastoma may include:
- Abnormal retina:
- Dark, pigmented lesions called spicules
- Narrowed retinal arteries
- Central disk may have a waxy, yellow appearance
- Crossed eyes
- Decreased vision: peripheral areas of vision most affected
- Unusual color of the eye:
- Part of the pupil becomes white.
Testing is required to make the diagnosis of retinoblastoma.
Tests that may be used to evaluate retinoblastoma include:
- CT scanning of the eye
- Ultrasound of the eye
- MRI scan of the orbits
Continue to Retinal Cancer Treatment
- Chan HS, Gallie BL, Munier FL, Beck Popovic M. Chemotherapy for retinoblastoma. Ophthalmol Clin North Am. 2005 Mar;18(1):55-63, viii. 
- Honavar SG, Singh AD. Management of advanced retinoblastoma. Ophthalmol Clin North Am. 2005 Mar;18(1):65-73, viii. 
- Mietz H, Hutton WL, Font RL. Unilateral retinoblastoma in an adult: report of a case and review of the literature. Ophthalmology. 1997 Jan;104(1):43-7.