Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Rectal Swelling Overview

Another name for Rectal Swelling is Proctitis.

What is proctitis?
A person with proctitis has inflammation of the rectum, usually due to a bacterial infection or a viral infection. The most common causes of proctitis are sexually transmitted diseases.

What are the symptoms of proctitis?
The most common symptoms of proctitis include pus draining from the anus, and anal pain that is worse during a bowel movement. Additional symptoms may include diarrhea, anal bleeding, constipation, fever, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.

How does the doctor treat proctitis?
Treatment for proctitis includes warms baths, antibiotics, antiviral medications, suppositories that contain anti-inflammatory medication, oral corticosteroid medications, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Rectal Swelling Incidence

Last Updated: Nov 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Rectal Swelling References
  1. Babb RR. Radiation proctitis: a review. Am J Gastroenterol. 1996 Jul;91(7):1309-11. [8677984]
  2. Gionchetti P, Rizzello F, Morselli C, Campieri M. Review article: problematic proctitis and distal colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Oct;20 Suppl 4:93-6. [15352902]
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