Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Receding Gums Underlying Cause

Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria that are normally present in the mouth. The bacteria convert sugars and starches into acids. A combination of bacteria, acid, food, and saliva form a sticky coating on the teeth, called plaque. The acid in the plaque damages the gums and the tooth enamel, which results in the formation of a cavity.

Plaque can crystallize to form a very hard coating, called tartar. Plaque and tartar can also cause gingivitis, periodontitis, and dental abscesses.

Continue to Receding Gums Types

Last Updated: Jun 18, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Receding Gums References
  1. Bascones A, Gamonal J, Gomez M, Silva A, Gonzalez MA. New knowledge of the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Quintessence Int. 2004 Oct;35(9):706-16. [15470994]
  2. Campus G, Salem A, Uzzau S, Baldoni E, Tonolo G. Diabetes and periodontal disease: a case-control study. J Periodontol. 2005 Mar;76(3):418-25. [15857077]
  3. Kinane DF, Lappin DF. Immune processes in periodontal disease: a review. Ann Periodontol. 2002 Dec;7(1):62-71. [16013218]
  4. Schifferle RE. Nutrition and periodontal disease. Dent Clin North Am. 2005 Jul;49(3):595-610, vii. [15978243]
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