Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Reading Difficulty with Old Age Underlying Cause

Presbyopia occurs naturally with aging. The lens of the eye is unable to focus on objects that are close to the eyes.

Presbyopia is most likely the result of a decrease in the flexibility of the lens of the eye. Aging results in changes in the curvature and elasticity of the lens. Vision is further impaired by the loss of strength of the ciliary muscles, which bend and straighten the lens as the eye focuses on an object.

Continue to Reading Difficulty with Old Age Anatomy

Last Updated: Jul 7, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Reading Difficulty with Old Age References
  1. Baikoff G. Surgical treatment of presbyopia: scleral, corneal, and lenticular. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004 Aug;15(4):365-9. [15232478]
  2. Savage H, Rothstein M, Davuluri G, El Ghormli L, Zaetta DM. Myopic astigmatism and presbyopia trial. Am J Ophthalmol. 2003 May;135(5):628-32. [12719069]
  3. Strenk SA, Strenk LM, Koretz JF. The mechanism of presbyopia. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2005 May;24(3):379-93. Dec 19. [15708834]
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