Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Reaction due to Allergies Home Care

Home care for allergic reactions includes:

  • Avoid substances that trigger an allergic reaction.
  • Oral antihistamines for itching:
  • Ask your doctor if you should be carrying an Epi-Pen (self-injectable epinephrine for severe allergic reactions)
  • Take prescribed medications as directed:
    • Don't skip doses of your medication. This makes them less effective.
    • Be aware of the common side effects that may be caused by your medication.

Reaction due to Allergies Hives

Home care for hives:

Reaction due to Allergies Itching

Home treatment for itching:

  • Cleanse itchy skin with mild soap and water.
  • Massage itchy areas with an ice cube or apply a cold compress.
  • Take a cool bath or shower to reduce itching:
    • Consider oatmeal (Aveeno) baths.
  • Try to avoid the substance that caused the reaction.

Medications for itching include:

Oral antihistamines can be sedating. Do not mix antihistamines with alcohol or other sedatives.

Diphenhydramine Dosing Chart
AgeDoseIntervalMax Daily Dose
2-5 years6.25 mg4-6 hours37.5 mg/day
6-11 years12.5-25 mg4-6 hours150 mg/day
12 and older25-50 mg4-6 hours300 mg/day

Chlorpheniramine Dosing Chart
AgeDoseIntervalMax Daily Dose
Under 6consult your physician
6-11 years2 mg4-6 hours12 mg/day
12 and up4 mg4-6 hours24 mg/day

Reaction due to Allergies Medications

Medications for itching due to an allergic reaction include:


Diphenhydramine Dosing Chart
AgeDoseIntervalMax Daily Dose
2-5 years6.25 mg4-6 hours37.5 mg/day
6-11 years12.5-25 mg4-6 hours150 mg/day
12 and older25-50 mg4-6 hours300 mg/day

Chlorpheniramine Dosing Chart
AgeDoseIntervalMax Daily Dose
Under 6consult your physician
6-11 years2 mg4-6 hours12 mg/day
12 and up4 mg4-6 hours24 mg/day

Reaction due to Allergies Rashes

Home care for an allergic rash includes:

  • Avoid contact with the substance that caused the reaction.
  • Wash your skin with a gentle soap twice a day.
  • Avoid scratching, which can cause infection.
  • Apply 1% hydrocortisone cream to the rash, such as Cortizone 10 or Cortaid Maximum Strength. Apply the cream four times a day for 10-14 days
  • Use moisturizing lotions, such as Lubriderm or Eucerin cream, to reduce itching if the skin is dry.
  • Take prescription medications as directed.
  • Nonprescription antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, can help control itching. Adults may take 25 to 50 mg of Benadryl every four to six hours.

Reaction due to Allergies Swelling

Home treatment for allergic swelling includes:

Reaction due to Allergies Warning Signs

Notify your doctor for any allergic reactions and any of the following:

Continue to Reaction due to Allergies Prevention

Last Updated: Nov 29, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Reaction due to Allergies References
  1. Arshad SH. Primary prevention of asthma and allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Jul;116(1):3-14. [15990764]
  2. Atkinson TP, Kaliner MA: Anaphylaxis. Med Clin North Am 1992 Jul; 76(4): 841-55. [1614236]
  3. Busse WW: Mechanisms and advances in allergic diseases. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000 Jun; 105(6 Pt 2): S593-8. [10856163]
  4. Nimmagadda SR, Evans R 3rd: Allergy: etiology and epidemiology. Pediatr Rev 1999 Apr; 20(4): 111-5. [10208083]
  5. Reisman RE: Insect stings. N Engl J Med 1994 Aug 25; 331(8): 523-7. [8041420]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.