Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.


Rattlesnake Bite Overview

Another name for Rattlesnake Bite is Snakebite with Envenomation.

A person who has a snakebite with envenomation has been bitten by a poisonous snake.

Venomous snakes in the US include:

  • Pit vipers include:
    • Copperheads
    • Cottonmouths
    • Rattlesnakes
    • Pygmy rattlers
  • Coral snakes

For more information:

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Rattlesnake Bite References
  1. Dart RC, Hurlbut KM, Garcia R, Boren J. Validation of a severity score for the assessment of crotalid snakebite. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Mar;27(3):321-6. [8599491]
  2. Dart RC, Seifert SA, Boyer LV, et al. A randomized multicenter trial of crotalinae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) antivenom for the treatment for crotaline snakebite in the United States. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Sep 10;161(16):2030-6. [11525706]
  3. McKinney PE. Out-of-hospital and interhospital management of crotaline snakebite. Ann Emerg Med. 2001 Feb;37(2):168-74. [11174235]
  4. Morandi N, Williams J. Snakebite injuries: contributing factors and intentionality of exposure. Wilderness Environ Med. 1997 Aug;8(3):152-5. [11990155]
  5. Pantanowitz L, Guidozzi F. Management of snake and spider bite in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1996 Oct;51(10):615-20. [8888039]
  6. Terry P, Mackway-Jones K. Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Antibiotics in non-venomous snakebite. Emerg Med J. 2002 Mar;19(2):142. [11904264]
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