Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Rash Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Overview

Another name for Rash Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.

What is Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
A person with Rocky Mountain spotted fever has inflammation of the blood vessels caused by an infection with Rickettsia bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted to humans by a tick. The two ticks that transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever include the American dog tick and the Rocky Mountain wood tick. About 600 cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever are reported in the US each year.

What are the symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
The most common symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever include a red rash, fever, and joint pain. The rash begins on the wrist and ankles, and then spreads to the trunk. Additional symptoms may include headache, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue. Symptoms of severe Rocky Mountain spotted fever include high fever, worsening headache, neck pain and stiffness, excessive sleepiness, confusion, and seizures.

How does the doctor treat Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
Treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever includes antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Rash Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Incidence

Last Updated: Oct 5, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Rash Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever References
  1. Bratton RL, Corey R. Tick-borne disease. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 15;71(12):2323-30. [15999870]
  2. Cale DF, McCarthy MW. Treatment of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in children. Ann Pharmacother. 1997 Apr;31(4):492-4. [9101014]
  3. Chapman AS, Bakken JS, Folk SM, et al. Tickborne Rickettsial Diseases Working Group; CDC. Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis--United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2006 Mar 31;55(RR-4):1-27. [16572105]
  4. Purvis JJ, Edwards MS. Doxycycline use for rickettsial disease in pediatric patients. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000 Sep;19(9):871-4. [11001111]
  5. Sexton DJ, Kaye KS. Rocky Mountain spotted fever: a clinician's dilemma. Arch Intern Med. 2003 Apr 14;163(7):769-74. [12695267]
  6. Treadwell TA, Holman RC, Clarke MJ, Krebs JW, Paddock CD, Childs JE. Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States, 1993-1996. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Jul-Aug;63(1-2):21-6. [11357990]
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