Radial Head Subluxation Evaluation
The evaluation of nursemaid's elbow begins with a history and physical exam.
Physical findings in someone with nursemaid's elbow include:
- The arm is held in a bent position
- The arm is held against the chest
- Mild elbow tenderness
- Pain during movement of the elbow
Tests that may be used to evaluate nursemaid's elbow include:
Continue to Radial Head Subluxation Treatment
- Kaplan RE, Lillis KA. Recurrent nursemaid's elbow (annular ligament displacement) treatment via telephone. Pediatrics. 2002 Jul;110(1 Pt 1):171-4. 
- McDonald J, Whitelaw C, Goldsmith LJ. Radial head subluxation: comparing two methods of reduction. Acad Emerg Med. 1999 Jul;6(7):715-8. 
- Shabat S, Folman Y, Mann G, Kots Y, Fredman B, Banian M, Liberman N, Nyska M. The role of sonography in detecting radial head subluxation in a child. J Clin Ultrasound. 2005 May;33(4):187-9. 
- Skaggs DL, Mirzayan R. The posterior fat pad sign in association with occult fracture of the elbow in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Oct;81(10):1429-33.