Pyogenic Granuloma Overview
What is a pyogenic granuloma?
A person with a pyogenic granuloma or lobular capillary hemangioma, has small red bumps on the skin that bleed easily due to an abnormally high number of blood vessels. The underlying cause for pyogenic granuloma is not known.
What are the symptoms of a pyogenic granuloma?
The symptoms of a pyogenic granuloma include small bumps that bleed easily. In most cases, a solitary pyogenic granuloma grows rapidly to its maximum size over a period of a few weeks. These bumps are seen most often on the hands, arms, face, neck and upper torso. Pregnant women will often have these bumps in the mouth.
How does the doctor treat a pyogenic granuloma?
The treatment of a small pyogenic granuloma may not need treatment as they often go away on their own. A pyogenic granuloma that develops in response to a drug will often go away when the drug is stopped. Topical imiquimod cream and alitretinoin are used to treat some pyogenic granulomas. Larger pyogenic granulomas may need to be treated with surgery, electrocautery, freezing or lasers.
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- Jafarzadeh H, Sanatkhani M, Mohtasham N. Oral pyogenic granuloma: a review. J Oral Sci. 2006 Dec;48(4):167-75. 
- Salum FG, Yurgel LS, Cherubini K, De Figueiredo MA, Medeiros IC, Nicola FS. Pyogenic granuloma, peripheral giant cell granuloma and peripheral ossifying fibroma: retrospective analysis of 138 cases. Minerva Stomatol. 2008 May;57(5):227-32.