Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Pyelonephritis Overview

What is pyelonephritis?
A person with pyelonephritis has an infection of the kidney, usually caused by bacteria. Infection of the kidney is more serious than a bladder infection or lower urinary tract infection. About 1 out of 7,000 people develop pyelonephritis each year in the US.

What are the symptoms of pyelonephritis?
Symptoms of pyelonephritis include fever, flank pain, back pain, lower abdominal pain, pain during urination, increased urinary frequency, blood in the urine, cloudy urine, fatigue, nausea, or vomiting.

How does the doctor treat pyelonephritis?
Treatment for pyelonephritis may include rest, plenty of liquids, antibiotics, narcotic pain medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, and medications for bladder pain. Additional treatment for pyelonephritis may include surgery to remove a kidney stone or a collection of pus.

Continue to Pyelonephritis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pyelonephritis References
  1. Bloomfield P, Hodson EM, Craig JC. Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jan 25;(1):CD003772. [15674914]
  2. Efstathiou SP, Pefanis AV, Tsioulos DI, Zacharos ID, Tsiakou AG, Mitromaras AG, Mastorantonakis SE, Kanavaki SN, Mountokalakis TD. Acute pyelonephritis in adults: prediction of mortality and failure of treatment. Arch Intern Med. 2003 May 26;163(10):1206-12. [12767958]
  3. Ramakrishnan K, Scheid DC. Diagnosis and management of acute pyelonephritis in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Mar 1;71(5):933-42. [15768623]
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