Pulmonary Edema Fluid Restriction
Some people with severe congestive heart failure may require fluid restriction. Basically, two cups (one pint or about 500 cc) of fluid will equal roughly one pound of fluid weight gain.
All beverages and foods that are liquid at room temperature are considered to be fluids. Don't forget products that contain "hidden fluids" such as non-dairy creamer, pudding, syrup, yogurt, sour cream, watermelon, grapefruit, popsicles, ice cubes, and gravy.
Tips on limiting fluid intake:
- Drain fluid from canned fruits and vegetables before consumption
- Place your allowed amount of water per day in your own personal container so you can monitor your fluid intake; poor water out of the container when you receive "extra fluids" from another source
- Avoid coffee, tea, soft drinks, and alcoholic beverages
- Use lemon wedges or hard candies to moisten a dry mouth; this can often take the edge off thirst
- Rinse your mouth with water but do not swallow it
- Take your medications with your allowed fluids at mealtime
- Perform weight measurements morning and evening and adjust your fluid intake accordingly; in most cases this should be adjusted so that you gain only one pound
- Become aware of how much fluid your coffee cup, bowls, and water glasses hold; if possible use smaller cups and glasses
Continue to Pulmonary Edema Low Salt
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- Chen QM, Tu VC. Apoptosis and heart failure: mechanisms and therapeutic implications. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2002;2(1):43-57. 
- Ebinger MW, Krishnan S, Schuger CD. Mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias in heart failure. Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2005 Sep;2(3):111-7. 
- Mitchell J, Taylor A. Congestive heart failure in women. J Fam Pract. 2005 Jul;Suppl:6-7.