Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.


Proptosis Overview

Another name for Proptosis is Bulging Eyes.

What is the significance of bulging eyes?
A person with bulging eyes either has a glandular disorder or problem inside the eye socket (orbit). Both of these conditions can cause the eyes to appear more prominent. Conditions that can make one eye bulge include eye infections, an eye injury, and a tumor growing inside the orbit. The most common cause for bulging in both eyes is an over-active thyroid gland.

What symptoms can be associated with bulging eyes?
Symptoms that can be associated with eye bulging include vision changes, blurry vision, double vision, dry eyes, eye redness, and eye pain. Eye bulging due to hyperthyroidism may be accompanied by absent menstrual periods, anxiety, nervousness, diarrhea, fatigue, heat intolerance, excessive sweating, palpitations, muscle cramps, rapid speech, rapid pulse, weight loss, and neck swelling.

How does the doctor treat bulging eyes?
Treatment depends on the underlying cause for bulging eyes. Treatment may include antibiotics, surgery, and medications to suppress the function of the thyroid gland.

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