Prolapsed Vagina Anatomy
To better understand vaginal prolapse, it helps to understand the anatomy of the vagina and lower pelvis.
The organs in the pelvis include the uterus, ovaries, vagina, bladder and rectum. Strong muscles and connective tissue around the vagina support the organs. Weakening of the muscles and tissue is called pelvic relaxation.
The vagina is a short, muscular tube that connects the external genitalia to the cervix and uterus. The external genitalia include the vulva (labia) and clitoris.
- Brubaker L. Controversies and uncertainties: abdominal versus vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Mar;192(3):690-3. 
- Digesu GA, Chaliha C, Salvatore S, Hutchings A, Khullar V. The relationship of vaginal prolapse severity to symptoms and quality of life. BJOG. 2005 Jul;112(7):971-6. 
- Ginsberg DA. Vaginal vault prolapse: evaluation and repair. Curr Urol Rep. 2003 Oct;4(5):404-8.