Pressure Sore Overview
Another name for Pressure Sore is Decubitus Ulcer.
What is a decubitus ulcer?
A person with a decubitus ulcer has a crater-like sore on the skin, caused by pressure against the skin. Skin ulcers form when the blood supply is decreased to a portion of the skin. Decubitus ulcers form when constant pressure against the skin reduces the blood supply. Without blood supply, the skin will not heal. Decubitus ulcers are more common in skin that lies over bones. The elderly are at greatest risk for pressure sores. Other risk factors for decubitus ulcers include diabetes, dementia, anemia, and any condition that causes a weakening of the immune system.
What are the symptoms of a decubitus ulcer?
Symptoms of decubitus ulcer include a skin ulcer or open crater in the skin. Other symptoms include fever, skin redness, skin swelling, pain, and tenderness.
How does the doctor treat a decubitus ulcer?
The treatment of decubitus ulcers depends on depth of the skin ulcer. Treatment may include wound care, protective bandages and pads, whirlpool baths, oral antibiotics, and topical antibiotics. Surgery, such as debridement and skin grafts may be necessary for more severe decubitus ulcers.
Continue to Pressure Sore Incidence
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- Ratliff CR; WOCN. WOCN's evidence-based pressure ulcer guideline. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2005 May;18(4):204-8.