Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Premature Rupture of Membranes Overview

What is premature rupture of membranes?
A woman with premature rupture of membranes has broken water before the 37th week of pregnancy. A thin membrane, called the amniotic sac, surrounds the fetus during pregnancy. The membrane holds clear fluid that protects the fetus during pregnancy. When the thin membrane breaks, the fluid drains from around the fetus. Usually, labor starts soon after rupture of the membranes.

What are the symptoms of premature rupture of membranes?
The most common symptom of premature rupture of membranes includes clear fluid leaking from the vagina. In some cases, the fluid may briefly gush, or flow, from the vagina. Symptoms that may occur with premature rupture of membranes include lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding, or back pain.

How does the doctor treat premature rupture of membranes?
Treatment for premature rupture of membranes depends on the age of the fetus. Treatment for premature rupture of membranes may include fetal monitoring, antibiotics, corticosteroid medications, and delivery of the fetus.

Continue to Premature Rupture of Membranes Symptoms

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Premature Rupture of Membranes References
  1. Menon R, Fortunato SJ. Infection and the role of inflammation in preterm premature rupture of the membranes. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Jun;21(3):467-78. Epub 2007 Apr 19. [17448730]
  2. Mingione MJ, Pressman EK, Woods JR. Prevention of PPROM: current and future strategies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006 Dec;19(12):783-9. [17190688]
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