Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Pregnancy Breastfeeding Diet

The best diet during breastfeeding is similar to that during pregnancy, with some modifications. When there is a family history of eczema and other allergies, you may reduce the risk of allergies while breastfeeding by avoiding eggs, chocolate, licorice, peanuts, seafood and dairy products. Many medications, supplements, foods, and alcohol can pass into the breast milk and cause feeding problems in infants.

Food GroupServings Per Day
Dairy4 cups milk or equivalent
Meat2 servings (3-4 oz. each, 2% milk)
Grains4-5 slices or servings
Fruits/Vegetables4-5 servings

Good Snacks
  • Applesauce
  • Celery stuffed with peanut butter
  • Cubes of ham or cheese
  • Graham crackers and peanut butter
  • Granola bars
  • Hard cooked eggs
  • Low fat yogurt or cottage cheese
  • Raw fruits or vegetables
  • Small meat or cheese sandwiches

Other Dietary Considerations
  • Adjust total daily protein intake to 1.3 grams per kilogram of body weight. Two thirds of total protein intake should be of high biological quality, such as that found in eggs, milk, meat, or soy protein.
  • During pregnancy, maintain your calcium intake to 1,200-1,500 mg of calcium per day. Eat foods rich in calcium such as low-fat dairy products, broccoli, kale, and spinach greens, almonds, and soy milk.
  • Supplement your diet with 30-60 mg of elemental iron per day during pregnancy. Most ferrous sulfate pills with 325 mg of iron contain about 60-65 mg of elemental iron per pill.
  • Supplement your diet with 400-800 micrograms of folic acid per day.

Calcium Containing Food Sources
FoodServing SizeCalcium Per Serving
Sardines in oil3 oz370 mg
Milk1 cup290-300 mg
Swiss cheese1 oz (slice)250-270 mg
Yogurt1 cup240-400 mg
Canned salmon3 oz170-210 mg
American cheese1 oz (slice165-200 mg
Broccoli1 cup160-180 mg
Soybean curd (tofu)4 oz145-155 mg
Turnip greens1/2 cup, cooked100-125 mg
Ice cream1/2 cup90-100 mg
Kale1/2 cup, cooked90-100 mg
Cottage cheese1/2 cup80-100 mg
Corn bread2.5 inch square80-90 mg
Parmesan cheese1 Tbsp70 mg
Egg1 medium55 mg
Powdered milk1 tsp50 mg

Continue to Pregnancy Breastfeeding Drugs

Last Updated: Nov 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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