Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Postmenopausal Underlying Cause

Menopause occurs naturally in women between the ages of 43 and 55. It usually occurs very slowly, as ovulation becomes less frequent and as the production of progesterone and estrogen decrease over a number of years.

Other causes for menopause include:

  • Surgical menopause:
    • Removal of the ovaries
  • Medical menopause:
    • Medications that block the effects of estrogen

Last Updated: Dec 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Postmenopausal References
  1. Heinemann K, Ruebig A, Potthoff P, Schneider HP, Strelow F, Heinemann LA, Do MT. The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) scale: a methodological review. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2004 Sep 2;2:45. [15345062]
  2. Obermeyer CM. Menopause across cultures: a review of the evidence. Menopause. 2000 May-Jun;7(3):184-92. [10810964]
  3. Zollner YF, Acquadro C, Schaefer M. Literature review of instruments to assess health-related quality of life during and after menopause. Qual Life Res. 2005 Mar;14(2):309-27. [15892422]
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