Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Underlying Cause

PTSD is caused by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. The reaction to the event results in intense fear or helplessness.

Traumatic events that can trigger PTSD include:

  • War
  • Natural disaster
  • Fire
  • Life-threatening accident
  • Threatened with a weapon
  • Childhood neglect
  • Childhood physical abuse
  • Rape
  • Sexual molestation
  • Witnessing death
  • Witnessing serious injury

Last Updated: Jul 8, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Post Traumatic Stress Disorder References
  1. Bisson J, Andrew M. Psychological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD003388. [15846661]
  2. Ehlers A, Clark DM, Hackmann A, McManus F, Fennell M. Cognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: development and evaluation. Behav Res Ther. 2005 Apr;43(4):413-31. [15701354]
  3. Elklit A, Brink O. Acute stress disorder as a predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder in physical assault victims. J Interpers Violence. 2004 Jun;19(6):709-26. [15140320]
  4. Grinage BD. Diagnosis and management of post-traumatic stress disorder. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Dec 15;68(12):2401-8. [14705759]
  5. Veltmeyer MD, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Felmingham KL, Bryant RA, Gordon E. Integrative assessment of brain and cognitive function in post-traumatic stress disorder. J Integr Neurosci. 2005 Mar;4(1):145-59. [16035145]
  6. Weis JM, Grunert BK. Post-traumatic stress disorder following traumatic injuries in adults. WMJ. 2004;103(6):69-72. [15622823]
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