Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Port Wine Stains Overview

What are port wine stains?
A person with port wine stains has red or purple birthmarks, caused by abnormally enlarged blood vessels under the surface of the skin. Port wine stains usually occur on the face, neck, arms, or legs. They vary in size and do not disappear over time. The cause for port wine stains is unknown. About 3 out every 1,000 infants are born with a port wine stain.

What are the symptoms of port wine stains?
Symptoms of port wine stains include red or purple birthmarks that may be flat or slightly raised.

How does the doctor treat port wine stains?
Treatment for port wine stains may include cosmetics, phototherapy, and laser therapy.

Continue to Port Wine Stains Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Port Wine Stains References
  1. Enjolras O, Mulliken JB: The current management of vascular birthmarks. Pediatr Dermatol 1993 Dec; 10(4): 311-3. [9039172]
  2. Geronemus RG, Ashinoff R: The medical necessity of evaluation and treatment of port-wine stains. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1991 Jan; 17(1): 76-9. [1991884]
  3. Goldman MP, Fitzpatrick RE, Ruiz-Esparza J: Treatment of port-wine stains (capillary malformation) with the flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser. J Pediatr 1993 Jan; 122(1): 71-7. [8419617]
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