Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Polycystic Ovary Disease Overview

What is polycystic ovary disease?
A woman with polycystic ovary disease has an abnormally large number of cysts in the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form every month during the menstrual cycle. Polycystic ovary disease may cause abnormal menstrual periods and infertility. The cause of polycystic ovary disease is unknown. About 1 out of 20 women have polycystic ovary disease.

What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary disease?
Symptoms of polycystic ovary disease usually start shortly after puberty. Symptoms of polycystic ovary disease include irregular menstrual periods or absent menstrual periods. Additional symptoms of polycystic ovary disease include acne, deepening of the voice, enlargement of the clitoris, excessive body hair, obesity, high blood sugar, and darkening of the skin on the neck and beneath the breasts.

How does the doctor treat polycystic ovary disease?
Treatment for polycystic ovary disease may include regular exercise, weight loss for obesity, and hormone therapy. Additional treatment for polycystic ovary disease may include medications that reduce hair growth, and infertility medications.

Continue to Polycystic Ovary Disease Incidence

Last Updated: Oct 25, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Polycystic Ovary Disease References
  1. Lakhani K, Prelevic GM, Seifalian AM, Atiomo WU, Hardiman P. Polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease: risks and risk factors. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Sep;24(6):613-21. [16147598]
  2. Scarpitta AM, Sinagra D. Polycystic ovary syndrome: an endocrine and metabolic disease. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2000 Oct;14(5):392-5. [11109980]
  3. Solomon CG. The epidemiology of polycystic ovary syndrome. Prevalence and associated disease risks. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1999 Jun;28(2):247-63. [10352918]
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